At the Princeton Materials Institute, we work to predict, synthesize, and characterize new quantum materials with new and/or improved properties. Research at the Institute pushes the boundaries of not only the performance of new materials but the fundamental knowledge that underlies future advances. We integrate academia and industry and educate the next generation of leaders in the field.
In-depth coverage from raw materials and refining through processing, welding, and fabrication to end uses, corrosion, performance, and recycling. Facilities for characterization of geological materials in the Princeton Institute of Materials and the Department of Geosciences include optical spectroscopy , X-ray diffraction, and microscopy . We also access a range of national user facilities, including synchrotrons and high-powered laser facilities for advanced materials-related research. New advances in mid-infrared, optical technologies are being incorporated within environmental engineering research. A main focus in on the development of novel atmospheric instrumentation methods that can be deployed as part of ground-based and aircraft-based field campaigns to better understand air quality and global climate change. In addition, faculty are working on new technologies and methods for deploying sensors and performing flow simulations over urban areas to study heat losses from buildings under varying meteorological conditions and the effect of enhanced building technologies and materials on these losses.
Our program ranges from theoretical, through basic science, to more applied areas. Research in theoretical materials chemistry includes, for example, the molecular dynamics simulation of materials properties and the electronic structure theory of surfaces, molecular crystals, and conjugated polymers. There are a wide variety of opportunities to conduct research on materials surfaces, including the study of the adsorption and spectroscopy of molecules and chemical reactions on transition-metal surfaces, and the synthesis and characterization of oxide-supported organometallic complexes. Materials science and engineering research integrates advances in theory and experimental breakthroughs, via a deeply interdisciplinary approach and extensive collaborations with industry. This work is aided by world-class facilities for imaging and analysis and nanofabrication.
Through a combination of lectures and journal club-type discussions of published research papers and review articles, the synthesis, physical, mechanical, and structural properties of these materials are explored. Discussion topics include electronic structure and transport properties, deformation behavior and fracture, defects (e.g., grain boundaries and dislocations), structural transformations, and synthesis monmouth university gpa requirement of 2D materials. The science and technology of materials used in electronics and optoelectronics, with varying emphasis. Subjects include the growth of crystals and of thin films, vacuum technology, phase diagrams, defects and atomic diffusion in semiconductors, techniques for analyzing electronic materials, amorphous silicon, and materials for large-area electronics, displays, and solar cells.
Over 70% have been assigned a structure type, and the remainder are prototypes. Detailed searching forms for chemistry, symmetry, structure type, etc. are available, as well as analysis of large, complex data sets. Please visit Department of Geosciences for further information on graduate study and admission.
In this course we present a survey of problems at the interface of biology, physics and engineering to discuss how nature invented many tiny sensors, machines and structures that are important for functions of cells and organisms. Topics include an introduction to radiation generation at synchrotron and neutron facilities, elastic scattering techniques, inelastic scattering techniques, imaging and spectroscopy. Specific techniques include X-ray and neutron diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic neutron scattering, reflectometry, tomography, microscopy, fluorescence and infrared imaging, and photoemission spectroscopy. Emphasis is placed on application of the techniques for uncovering the material structure-property relationship, including energy storage devices, sustainable concrete, CO2 storage, magnetic materials, mesostructured materials and nanoparticles. Electron spectroscopy, ion scattering, and scanning probe microscopy. Studies of the mechanical, thermal, and acoustic behavior of these materials represent a major educational and research emphasis and include deformation, fracture, fatigue, thermal conduction, adhesion, actuation, and sound absorption.
All students must take a minimum of three courses approved by the Princeton Institute of Materials. This course covers the basic topics including energy balance, crack tip fields, toughness, dissipative processes, and subcritical cracking. Fracture processes are then examined as they occur in some modern technologies, such as advanced ceramics, coatings, composites, and integrated circuits. The course also explores fracture at high temperatures and crack nucleation processes.
Topics include structural, mechanical, thermodynamic, and design-related issues important to engineering applications. At the graduate level, the Institute offers joint PhD degree programs with participating academic departments. The mission of the Princeton Materials Institute is to bring together scholars across disciplines to develop materials-based solutions to pressing global challenges and to educate the next generation of leaders in materials science and engineering.